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Information for Veterinary Professionals

As a licensed member, you will find helpful information in this section to assist you with making changes to your licence and managing the accreditation of a veterinary facility. You will also find information concerning professional conduct and quality practice. 

Common Facility Inspection Issues

As part of its facility inspection process, the College and the Accreditation Committee monitor the types of deficiencies that are most commonly identified during an inspection. This data is used to identify risk areas where facility directors and veterinarians working from a facility can direct their attention to ensure adherence to the Minimum Standards for Veterinary Facilities in Ontario (MSVFO). The College also uses this data to direct resources to assist veterinarians in meeting standards.

The most commonly identified deficiencies include:

Absent Controlled Drug Log

The maintenance of an accurate controlled substances log is mandated, not only by the MSVFO, but also by the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act and the Veterinarians Act. The controlled drug log must contain an accurate accounting of the addition to inventory and dispensing of all controlled substances managed by a facility. A sample controlled substances log is available at

Further information regarding management of controlled substances, including the keeping of a log, can be found in the Professional Practice Standard: Management and Disposal of Controlled Substances and the Guide to the Standard.  Both documents are at Veterinary-Prescribing-and-Dispensing.  

No Evidence of Weekly Controlled Drug Audits 

To further assist with the accuracy of a controlled drug log and to increase the vigilance around controlled substances management, most facilities are required to demonstrate that a controlled drug audit is carried out on a weekly basis. For those facility categories for which a regular controlled drug audit is not mandated by the MSVFO, a regular audit is strongly recommended. Tips for carrying out a Controlled Drug Audit can be found at Tips-for-conducting-audits.  

Further information regarding the requirements and process associated with an audit can be found in the Professional Practice Standard:  Management and Disposal of Controlled Substances and the Guide to the Standard.  Both documents are at Veterinary-Prescribing-and-Dispensing.  

Mixing of Expired Drugs and Unexpired Drugs

During facility inspections, inspectors frequently encounter expired drugs that are kept amongst unexpired drugs. Such a practice can increase the risk of inadvertently dispensing an expired drug. Expired drugs must be kept separate from unexpired drugs and disposed of in accordance with the Food and Drug Act and the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act or returned to the manufacturer for disposal. Before destroying any controlled drug, veterinarians must contact Health Canada, Office of Controlled Substances to request the form that must be submitted to obtain permission to destroy controlled drugs.

Electronic Records

The amendments to the medical records provision of Regulation 1093 stipulate requirements for maintaining an audit trail for electronic records. The standard now states that the audit trail will:

  • Record the date and time of each entry of information for each animal
  • Indicate any changes in the recorded information
  • Preserve the original content of the recorded information when changed or updated
  • Is capable of being printed separately from the recorded information of each animal

Please check with your software vendor to confirm that the above information is being recorded appropriately.

X-ray Sources Not Registered with the Ministry of Labour

Each x-ray source in an accredited facility must be inspected and registered with the Ministry of Labour.  Registration numbers for each x-ray source must be made available during a facility accreditation inspection.   More information regarding radiation safety can be found at

Absent Surgical and Anesthesia Logs

It is a requirement under the MSVFO that Anesthesia and Surgery logs be maintained in accredited facilities. The information required for these two logs need not be separate but can be combined into a single log. Logs can be maintained electronically. The details of the requirements for the Anesthesia and Surgery logs are at

The College recommends that directors of facilities, particularly for those facilities undergoing inspection, familiarize themselves with the requirements for their facility type(s) as set out in the MSVFO.  Sample inspection forms for specific facility categories are also available.

2019 Annual Report

The College's 2019 Annual Report discusses the College's priorities and accomplishments throughout the year.